What is meditation?
Meditation is mindfulness and can be defined as a practice where an individual focuses their mind on a particular object, thought or activity, to achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state. Meditation has been practiced since antiquity in numerous religious traditions and beliefs. Meditation may be used with the aim of reducing stress, anxiety, depression, and pain, and increasing peace, perspective, and happiness.
Meditation is also mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita, an ancient Hindu scripture from where the prince Arjuna has discussions with Lord Krishna. In chapter 6 in the Art of Meditation a verse goes as follows;
That yogi should concentrate his mind,
Sitting alone with control over mind and body,
With no desires, with no wealth or assets,
And try to meditate and keep his mind stable,
He should choose a very clean place,
Which does not move, which is neither high nor low,
And spread skin and cloth over Durba grass,
And sit there concentrating his mind.
Sitting on that seat, with the concentration of mind,
And controlling the works of mind and senses,
He should practice yoga for cleaning his mind.